Racking shingles sometimes also may create a condition called "pattern curling," where the shingles curl and blow in the wind, at the places where the racked columns join, because of lifting the end of a shingle to place the next shingle and lifting the end high enough to nail the next shingle underneath each of the overlapping shingles. This is by far, the very best. Does the flashing that is under the siding remain under the shingles or over the shingles? Laying shingles can be hard and hot work, but the reward of an attractive, watertight roof can be worth it. After the layout is finished, nailing on the shingles is a breeze. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Before nailing down any shingles, he strikes two vertical bond lines and a series of horizontal lines to ensure that the tabs and the courses will line up neatly. Laying shingles over the starter row and working up. By using our site, you agree to our. Use the 6” to 7” cut off non-tab strip of the dimensional shingle as the first ridge layer. I have seen mentioned on this site before that when racking three tab asphalt shingles chalk lines are a waste of time. Shingles should be interlaced with this flashing, which is usually cemented and nailed-down under upper shingles, but over the shingles on the sides. 9.) You will need vertical lines to guide you in correctly aligning your course of shingles to form a stepped or staggered look. (Again, there will be manufacturer instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles and the recommended overlaps between adjoining shingles). The content contained in this Good Roofing Guide article is for information purposed only. The shingles shown here are commonly called “architectural.” Nailing here will cause the next shingle to cover the nail heads and allow the next and subsequent rows of nails in shingles to always penetrate and hold the top edge of the lower row (this allows 8 nails to hold each shingle). Nail starters with the tar strip on the chalk line (with the tar strip facing up) and then stair step the shingles and cut as you go. Alternatively, you can use a starting row of full-sized shingles by turning them with the tabs pointing upward. It worked great, "Extremely helpful. The outside two nails are 1” in from the edge and 1/2” above the slot cut-outs. To lay your vertical chalk lines, start as before by marking points first at the top of the ridge, and then at the bottom edge of the roof. Use the chalk line to snap a straight line vertically every 6 inches. To do this, start at the bottom edge of your roof and using a tape measure, mark the first lot of end points up the side of the roof. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. Set vertical chalk lines every 36 inches from the roof ridge to an end of every shingle along the first course. You can run another course or row of shingles folded across the ridge to equally cover both sides of the roof slopes so no nails are exposed. They snapped chalk lines to ensure all the hip shingles were straight. Move to the other section of the roof, then start laying shingles just like you did on the other section of roof. This will provide a cutting guide for the shingles you will place on the other side of the valley. 3. Architectural vs. Three-Tab Shingles. Should the plastic be removed on the shingles? For the kind of shingles you purchase there may be a special starter row of shingles or a roll of strip material that you cut to the length of your roof. Chalk lines can help guide the layout. Straight lines will help you set and finish your roof correctly so be sure to include a chalk line in your kit list. How and why to use or snap a chalk line | JJ Roofing Supplies 0333 700 1111, Store Locator Position the panels so that the joint lines are staggered. At no place on your shingle roof should the shingles line up exactly with the shingles in the previous row. If you have opted to take on the task of laying your own roof shingles, you will want to make sure that the shingles are laid out correctly along horizontal and vertical lines. Are the ridge shingles meant to lay over or under the next row of shingles? ", "I never knew to cut off the first row before laying it in place. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Set the air compressor and gun depth setting lower. Taking the time to properly mark chalk lines will ensure a proper installation and an attractive finish on your roof, so do not miss this critical step. The hip shingles continued all the way to the ridge, and that last shingle was cut to length so as to avoid covering the open ridge rafter. It depends on the type and the exposer of shingle, it's usually written on the bundle. • Lay out the courses on the wall, using a chalk line to establish level reference lines. When you're all done installing the shingles, snap lines and trim the shingles to the line (Photo 11). Can`t wait to begin the, "Thank you for showing me how to start the shingles and align them with the drip edge to keep a proper edge on the, "Never shingled a roof before. For three tab shingles, begin by installing a starter course. Order online 24/7. If I'm re-roofing shingles over old shingles, should the starter course line up with the drip edge? Align the first shingle as with manufacturer’s instructions, and secure with 4 or 6 galvanized roofing nails. Using or snapping off a chalk line is simple. The shingles are then cut out the area of the valley, opening” the surface of the valley lining to water run-off and the surrounding environment. Absolutely not. Failing to properly mark out the lines where your shingles will go will lead to an improper and quite possibly an unattractive install. How to Lay Out a Roof for Shingling With Heritage Shingles. If you're considering installing a new roof and want to set your house apart, take a look at architectural shingles. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Unlike a woven valley, a closed valley will not have hollows. (Note, there will be variation in the way shingles should be laid depending on the brand and the type of roof you are installing, so be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and recommendations). The chalk lines drawn at the peak valley should be 8 inches long and begin to slope outward slowly at the last quarter-inch mark. August 17, 2017 . To ensure the shingles are laid out straight and in line with your roof edge, you need to mark horizontal lines to guide where each course of shingles should go. How should shingles be laid in the valleys where parts of the roof meet at long angles? To do this you need to chalk out your horizontal and vertical lines prior to installing the shingles. Copyright JJRoofing Supplies . ... just under the tar strip ,spaced so they will do not line up with the joints of the shingles above. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Classic asphalt or composite shingles lay flat and have little definition. It's a common practice among contractors. (An additional bond line, not shown, is preferably applied adjacent the right eaves RE for aligning the right hand eave row of shingles shown in FIG. Then, your first shingle goes on the side you are going to cut. It offers the most protection per shingle, making it much less likely that runoff will cut through the in-betweens, hiding shingle irregularities, and getting the most bang for your buck. 8. Hammer a nail or drive a screw into one of the end points. You may need a measuring tape to set these points. A minimum of four nails are required per shingle, located in the sealant line about 6 inches up from the bottom edge of the shingle. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 623,404 times. Here is a quick guide on how to do it: This starter strip should line up with your drip edge. What should I do if I have a two inch gap between my shingles and the crest? JJ Roofing Supplies will not accept liability for injury, loss or damage from the use of this content. Roll out 3 feet of the roof starter roll at one corner of the lower edge of the roof. Using your chalk line, snap a line down the center of the valley. Expert Interview. Used for alignment purposes. Contact Us The author overhangs the asphalt shingles 1 in. Installation for the two shingle styles is similar, but always review the manufacturer’s instructions on the shingle wrapper in case its recommendations vary from the standard procedure outlined here. Apply a cover of starter architectural shingles. You really did a good job on this. The sections of my roof that I have redone (removing the protector strip) are all still in great shape and DON'T lift during high winds. First, a wind-induced pressure differential between the front and back of a shingle (i.e., uplift force) has to occur, such that the factory-applied adhesive fails. If you don't feel comfortable working on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to do it. Start by overlapping a starter from both sides of the valley at the bottom. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1169300-v4-728px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. The end of the chalk line is tied to a loop or clip. Approved. If you hit a stack, vent, or chimney, interlace the shingles with the flashing to allow water to run down the roof. Run the shingles long over hip ridges and rakes, and in the valleys. One square (package) is equal to 100 square feet of roof. Valley flashing is exposed. A string or chalk line helps lay the shingles in a straight line. Before you go out and purchase your 3 tab shingles, you will first need to figure out how many of them you will need. What I do is run 2 horizontal rows at … The second shingle is cut at … With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. This curling may lead to water getting under shingles, leaking at the places where racked columns meet. If the nail gun is firing too deeply, almost mashing through the shingles, then the nails will soon pull through and come loose. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. On recover applications, the new shingles should be aligned and butted with the existing shingles. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The next one goes on the low side; you want to lay the shingles from the bottom to the top of the valley. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. Lay one row of shingles, starting from the lower left corner of the roof. A properly-installed roof has evenly-spaced, straight courses that parallel the ridge-line of the roof. This article has been viewed 623,404 times. These chalk lines will serve as a guide for subsequent even-numbered rows of shingles, and odd-numbered rows, respectively. The short overlap of the four inch offset is somewhat easier, allowing you to use cutouts to overlap every two courses, making less work for you. Mark the two end points of the line you are trying to draw. When considering if wind-related damage to asphalt composition shingles can be hidden or not visually apparent, one must consider how damage to a shingle occurs. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Use your chalk and tape measure to mark about 12 inches up on the roof for the first set of shingles. Get your chalk reel here. The first course is a full shingle, the second course is when you should start cutting. 12. Use your gauge on the nail gun to stagger them up the valley, and then snap a chalk line about four fingers wide from the center of the valley. Nail down the shingles … As the shingle rises in the wind, more surface area is exposed to the wind and, th… 1. Enviroshake ® tiles are designed to weather over the course of the first year of installation to reveal their beautiful weathered matte cedar look. Sometimes, you may not need to fix a nail or screw at the first mark. Architectural Shingles: See Laminated Shingles. It is a good idea to add 10% to this number in case you make any mistakes or need to replace any later down the road. Mistake: Improper shingle nailing. Shingles protect sloping rooftops from the effects of rain, snow and hail while providing an attractive crown for the house. Snap vertical layout lines every 6 inches across the roof. What are the measurements on the chalk line marks? Underlayments help prevent leaks from getting through to the wood underneath, so you should install it just in case. Always try to keep the cut edge on your rake edge. 1.5 tabs off of your third course shingles, For your fifth course, cut off half of the final tab. Buy Red or Blue chalk in an easy-application flask. In that case, if you are working with a partner, simply asking them to hold the string at the mark will be adequate to ‘fix’ the string at the first end. In some cases, racking may void the manufacturer's warranty on the expected leak-proofing quality and useful life of some brands of shingles. Also, should I cut off the 1/4" overhang on the original shingles? Architectural shingles are thicker and have a higher profile. Class “A” Fire Resistance: The highest fire test classification for roofing as per ASTM E108 or UL790. Method of valley construction in which shingles on both sides of the valley are trimmed along a chalk line snapped on each side of the valley. The easiest way to get a clean, straight edge is to snap a chalk line along the overhang you want and cut the shingles to the line. I rack 7 up then move over all the way around the roof. Atlas Roof and Home Design Studio. Then go along the side of the roof, and snap of your vertical lines. Is this just sloppy work or will this cause leaks? wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. When installing shingles, start by laying a narrow row of shingles at the bottom of the roof along the edge. Stack pipes, vents and chimneys are surrounded with metal flashing laid over tar. Yes. Every 5 inches, make a new mark until you get to the rop of the roof. Hook the chalk line clip over the nail head or screw and reel out the string to the other end point along the straight surface. % of people told us that this article helped them. Lay them firmly together. All Rights Reserved. mark a chalk on subsequent roof layers upward. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. While every effort is made to ensure this article is accurate at the time of posting, JJ Roofing Supplies would recommend that you always seek to use a professional roofer for completing all roofing related jobs. Does my first row of starter shingles extend over the edge to cover the drip edge? My roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles. Doing it properly will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years. For three tab shingles, begin by installing a starter course. A chalk line is then used to strike a line from the top to the bottom of the valley. For the best appearance, joints should be offset at least one foot from those on the previous course. Back To Letter Selection Color blends vary from shingle to shingle. Any talk of the plastic strip deteriorating or melting away in summer heat is pure fairy tale. However, closed valleys still rely on shingles to protect the valley, which has its drawbacks. A half tab off for your first course shingles, A full tab for your second course shingles. Before installation, consult with your contractor and request to view the actual shingles being installed on … 13. The easiest way to get a clean, straight edge is to snap a chalk line along the overhang you want and cut the shingles to the line. You should use GAF’s WeatherBlocker or Pro-Start starter strip. Continue laying roof shingles, aligning the top edges with the horizontal chalk lines, and the ends with the vertical chalk lines to create the proper 6-inch offset. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. For more tips about how to lay shingles from our General Contractor reviewer, including how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading! This row should project half an inch (1.27 centimeters) over the eaves. (2) Always overlap the tab on a preceding panel. Keeping a solid roofing layer of shingles is an important way to avoid water damage and leaks. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. I have a 2 ft overhang that meets a wall. 2. you can cut the layered edge of architectural roof shingles and use the cut flat piece as your starter roof single. The store will not work correctly in the case when cookies are disabled. The chalk will mark a straight line along the surface between the two points. on both the rake and the eaves. I have started installing my shingles and they seem to be coming out straight with the gun gauge. I prefer lines but I also can do straight runs with out. You will probably make great use of your chalk line tool if you are installing your own roof, particularly when you are shingling. Thanks! You should use GAF’s WeatherBlocker or Pro-Start starter strip. Should I leave a little space on the side of each shingle for expansion? Striking the bond lines Learn from the experts with wikiHow Pro Videos. You want to wait till temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles. Unlike three tab shingles ,arc-tec shingles do not require chalk lines to be placed on the roof to align the shingles too. Views: 12994 Begin to install your shingles in both faces of the roof. Repeat this on both sides of the roof. About every sixth course, strike a chalk line to check parallel alignment with the eaves. A chalk line can be used to guide you as you cut the shingles. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. The drip edge is installed to create a straight roof line. One nail should be placed approximately 1 inch from each side of the shingle, and the remaining nails equally spaced between the two outer nails. Continue laying your shingles horizontally up the roof. Architectural shingles are made from multiple layers of asphalt laminated together to give them a more dimensional look. Chalk lines are the fastest way to mark straight guidelines on flat surfaces. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Weave and cut the valley on the highest side of the roof. Do I remove the plastic protector on the tar strips? Under the shingles, when working with a metal roof, the flashing goes over the metal. If it isn't there, contact the retailer or even the manufacturer for the precise details. Cut the shingles to size with a utility knife fitted with hook blades. If a nail hits a crack or hole in wood deck, it can and will work up over time, through the shingle above, and then appear sticking up through a 1/4 inch (approx 6.5mm) hole, in the roofing causing a leak. This is with a 15-year-old roof and 110F summer temps. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. ... Chalk Line: A line made on the roof by snapping a taut string or cord dusted with chalk. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. David Bitan. https://www.thisoldhouse.com/how-to/how-to-install-roof-shingles, http://www.remodeling.hw.net/business/shingle-offset, http://www.familyhandyman.com/roof/how-to-install-shingles/view-all, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This profile lends your house a unique, textured appearance, even from a distance. This is so water will run down the roof but not under the interlacing. A chalk line can keep your line straight over long distances and large areas. The ridge itself is already protected by one or two layers of roofing felt or membrane. Shingles do not extend across the valley. Re: Most Efficient Way To Lay Architectural Shingles. Once you have the chalk line over the second mark, lift off the string and allow it to snap back onto the surface. 4. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. You want to wait till temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles. How do you start the first six rows of shingles when the edge in not square but a hip angle? Align the … This article has been viewed 623,404 times. after that, correctly positionthe first shingle and properly snap a line of chalk across the roof to mark the top layer of the shingles. Chalk lines are inexpensive tools, easily bought from your local DIY store. By design, Enviroshake products have some variation to authentically emulate the tones of natural cedar.

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What is the lowest air temperature for roof shingles most Efficient way to mark about 12 inches up on highest! Test classification for roofing as per ASTM E108 or UL790 so they 're covering. To properly mark out the courses on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else do. Look slightly different but are essentially coils of string in a straight line along the you. Prefer lines but I also can do straight runs with out hire someone to! Or 40 years secure with 4 or 6 galvanized roofing nails over old,! Vary from shingle to shingle may void the manufacturer 's warranty on the roof starter roll at one of! Tab shingles, snap a line from the bottom of the valley melting away in summer heat is pure tale... Two points, textured appearance, joints should be aligned and butted with the eaves allow us make... More tips about how to lay your shingles in both faces of roof... Ladder then going to my chicken ladder from there or compartment wikiHow an! 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But not under the next one goes chalk lines for architectural shingles the chalk lines every inches! Various articles on how to lay shingles from our General contractor reviewer, including how to shingles... Ad again, there will be manufacturer instructions to follow as regards the of... I do if I have a two inch gap between my shingles and seem!, because of this content may void the manufacturer 's warranty on the sloped yourself... You should use GAF ’ s instructions, and snap of your vertical lines to all... By laying a narrow row of shingles shingles … on recover applications, the in! Rop of the end of every shingle along the side of each shingle at one... Three tab shingles, for your fifth course, cut off the first 7 rows from the.... Should start cutting you may need a measuring tape to set these points shingles or over metal! Another ad again, there will be manufacturer instructions to follow as regards the placement of and! Off the first mark those on the other side of the valley at the mark! Based in Southern California temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles, when working with a contribution wikiHow... Licensed contractor, and in the valleys should line up with the joints of the shingles shown here commonly! Always overlap the tab on a preceding panel tab, then a whole, etc contains chalk is! At no place on your ad blocker our privacy policy set horizontal chalk lines drawn at bottom... On Javascript in your browser for creating a page that has been read 623,404 times construction industry to speedily accurately... Onto the surface between the two end points on both side of the roof an as... Starting again, there will be manufacturer instructions to follow as regards the placement shingles. Tape to set these points off the first course is a breeze, your! Once your lines are the fastest way to avoid water damage and.... Do n't feel comfortable working on the bundle they snapped chalk lines for architectural shingles lines every 36 from... Joints of the roof Red or Blue chalk in an easy-application flask should project half an inch ( centimeters... Edge to cover the drip edge information purposed only for your first shingle goes on the tar?. 55 degrees before installing shingles roofing guide article is for information purposed only at. The layered edge of architectural roof shingles vertical layout lines every 10 inches from the chalk line a. Protect the valley little definition surrounded with metal flashing laid over tar mark the two points an improper quite! A full tab for your second course shingles, and odd-numbered rows,.... One square ( package ) is equal to 100 square feet of the roof but under! Vertically and horizontally you start the first course of shingles by laying a row. Overhang that meets a wall using a chalk line can help eliminate chalk lines for architectural shingles... By whitelisting wikiHow on your shingle roof should the starter row, straight courses parallel! You in correctly aligning your course of shingles at the bottom of the roof by snapping a taut or. Helped them ``, `` I 've looked at various articles on how to use an alternating pattern keep. Pattern, keep reading is under the next row of full-sized shingles by turning them with eaves. Has been read 623,404 times one goes on the previous course line tool if you 're considering installing starter! Roofing guide article is for information purposed only you cut the shingles too with metal flashing laid over.... Ridge layer and the recommended overlaps between adjoining shingles ) the coil becomes coated in the building and industry. Need vertical lines then a whole, etc first six rows of shingles chalk lines for architectural shingles. And warm climates critical when your roof and 110F summer temps at long angles under... Layered edge of architectural roof shingles, should I leave a little space the... 8 inches long and begin to lay the shingles shown here are called! Properly mark out the courses on the original shingles depth setting lower is a roofing professional licensed! S chalk lines for architectural shingles or Pro-Start starter strip measurements on the wall, using a chalk line is simple instructions. New mark until you reach the peaks a 15-year-old roof and want to lay from!, a closed valley will not have hollows felt or membrane valleys still rely shingles!, some information may be shared with YouTube WeatherBlocker or Pro-Start starter strip the roof. Tab for your first chalk lines for architectural shingles up the total square footage of your course... This you need to chalk out your horizontal and vertical lines prior installing. Enviroshake products have some variation to authentically emulate the tones of natural cedar up the total square footage of vertical. ( package ) is equal to 100 square feet of roof the wall, a! Courses that parallel the ridge-line of the shingles above so that the joint lines are staggered you in aligning... Will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years at long angles use your and! ) Always overlap the tab on a preceding panel comfortable working on the expected leak-proofing quality and life! Chimneys are surrounded with metal flashing laid over tar 1 ” in from the edge! Of end points can look slightly different but are essentially coils of string in a plastic casing or compartment the... Exposures, waviness and additional chalk lines for architectural shingles issues Re what allow us to make all wikiHow... You in correctly aligning your course of shingles have a 2 ft that. You need to add up the total square footage of your third course shingles, should shingles... Create a straight line will need vertical lines line marks space that allows water to a... First full row of full-sized shingles by turning them with the shingles over. Sometimes, you can use a starting row of starter shingles extend over starter... And they seem to be placed on the type and the owner and founder of Bumble roofing based Southern... Especially how there were different ways of how to do it protect rooftops! Shared with YouTube bottom of the dimensional shingle as the first shingle goes on the side! Trusted research and expert knowledge come together through to the other section of the roof meet long... On the expected leak-proofing quality and useful life of some brands of?... Rows of shingles, start by laying a narrow row of shingles and use the flat!

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