This explanation agreed with several other studies [15, 16, 20]. Generally, states … The estimated number of children ever diagnosed with ADHD, according to a national 2016 parent survey, 1 is 6.1 million (9.4%). Studies in Africa are limited, but ADHD was reported in certain studies. Regarding family size, 68.3% (845) of the families had greater than four children in the house. Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD). ADHD Foundation The ADHD Foundation Neurodiversity Charity is an integrated health and education service offering a unique lifespan – strength based service, for the 1 in 5 people who live with ADHD, Autism, Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Dyscalculia and Tourette’s syndrome. Percent ever diagnosed with ADHD: 10.8% (2015–2017) Percent of boys ever diagnosed with ADHD: 14.8% (2015–2017) Percent of girls ever diagnosed with ADHD: 6.7% (2015–2017) Source: Health, United States, 2018, table 12 In other studies, the prevalence rate of ADHD has been reported to be 8.2% among children aged 6 to 17 years in the USA [7], 6.8% among children aged 6 to 17 years in Spain based on 14 observational studies [8], 5.8% among children aged 6 to 17 years in Brazil using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and 1.5% using the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) [9], and 10.03% among children aged 4 to 12 years in Venezuela [10]. Hirbaye Mokona Lola, Habte Belete, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Aemro Zerihun, Solomon Yimer, Kassech Leta, "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among Children Aged 6 to 17 Years Old Living in Girja District, Rural Ethiopia", Behavioural Neurology, vol. They include national surveys conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), such as the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). On the other hand, this finding was lower than in Venezuela, 10.03% [10]; in Saudi Arabia [11] and in Jeddah, 11.6% [12]; in Iran, 17%-25.8% [13]; in Nigeria, 23.15% [16]; and in Egypt, 19.7% [20]. A mean worldwide prevalence of ADHD of ~2.2% overall (range: 0.1–8.1%) has been estimated in children and adolescents (aged <18 years). The Disruptive Behavior Disorder Rating Scale was used to collect the data. The Disruptive Behavior Disorder Rating Scale was pretested for validity in our setup and was found to be easily understood by the participants with internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.8). ADHD is a neurobiological disorder linked to an imbalance of brain chemicals (dopamine and noradrenaline) with some evidence that there are also some structural brain changes in children and adults with ADHD (Purper-Ouakil et al., 2011). Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Children with ADHD were referred to the psychiatric clinic. A. Sabra, and H. Bella, “Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among male primary school children in Dammam, Saudi Arabia: prevalence and associated factors,”, M. Homidi, Y. Obaidat, and D. Hamaidi, “Prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder among primary school students in Jeddah City, KSA,”, A. Meysamie, M. D. Fard, and M.-R. Mohammadi, “Prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in preschool-aged Iranian children,”, M. Bakare, “Attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms and disorder (ADHD) among African children: a review of epidemiology and co-morbidities,”, T. Farahat, M. Alkot, A. Rajab, and R. Anbar, “Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder among primary school children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt,”, C. E. Ofovwe, G. E. Ofovwe, and A. Meyer, “The prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among primary school pupils of Benin Metropolis, Nigeria,”, J. M. Chinawa, O. I. Odetunde, H. A. Obu, A. T. Chinawa, M. O. Bakare, and F. A. Ujunwa, “Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a neglected issue in the developing world,”, S. Wamithi, R. Ochieng, F. Njenga, S. Akech, and W. M. Macharia, “Cross-sectional survey on prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms at a tertiary care health facility in Nairobi,”, F. M. El-Nemr, H. S. Badr, and M. S. Salem, “Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children,”, Y. Ashenafi, D. Kebede, M. Desta, and A. Alem, “Prevalence of mental and behavioural disorders in Ethiopian children,”, E. Mick and S. V. Faraone, “Genetics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,”, G. Polanczyk, M. S. de Lima, B. L. Horta, J. Biederman, and L. A. Rohde, “The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: a systematic review and metaregression analysis,”, A. Malek, S. Amiri, M. Sadegfard, S. Abdi, and S. Amini, “Associated factors with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a case-control study,”, R. K. Lingineni, S. Biswas, N. Ahmad, B. E. Jackson, S. Bae, and K. P. Singh, “Factors associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder among US children: results from a national survey,”, J. Golmirzaei, S. Namazi, S. Amiri et al., “Evaluation of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder risk factors,”, V. A. Harpin, “The effect of ADHD on the life of an individual, their family, and community from preschool to adult life,”, S. Pliszka and AACAP Work Group on Quality Issues, “Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder,”, I. Souza, M. A. Pinheiro, D. Denardin, P. Mattos, and L. A. Rohde, “Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbidity in Brazil: comparisons between two referred samples,”, S. Cortese, N. Adamo, C. del Giovane et al., “Comparative efficacy and tolerability of medications for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, adolescents, and adults: a systematic review and network meta-analysis,”, M. L. Wolraich, I. D. Feurer, J. N. Hannah, A. Baumgaertel, and T. Y. Pinnock, “Obtaining systematic teacher reports of disruptive behavior disorders utilizing DSM-IV,”, W. E. Pelham Jr, E. M. Gnagy, K. E. Greenslade, and R. Milich, “Teacher ratings of DSM-III-R symptoms for the disruptive behavior disorders,”, C. P. Ingram and W. C. Kvaraceus, “Selected references from the literature on exceptional children,”, F. E. Johnston, “Individual variation in the rate of skeletal maturation between five and eighteen years,”, B. L. Hoseini, M. A. Abbasi, H. T. Moghaddam, G. Khademi, and M. Saeidi, “Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children: a short review and literature,”, H. N. El-Tallawy, W. A. Hassan, A.

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