Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Thanks! Democratic Values. This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. Athens and Sparta were two different political parties, Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was an oligarchy. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Nah it’s the other way round. Athens and Sparta are both famous and prosperous cities in Ancient Greece, which have also rivaled each other for years. No more needs to be said. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. Although Athens and Sparta have things in common they were more different than they were alike. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Sparta was the Dorian Greek military state, considered as the protector of Greece as it was providing large army to Greece for many years. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. Diffen LLC, n.d. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. How was the government based in ancient times? Athens. Athens: Sparta: Significance: Athens was the first ever city to introduce the democratic form of government: Sparta was the first ever city that was ruled by two different kings as an oligarchy. SPARTA. This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. User Info: JudoHedgehog. A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. Historically, Athens treated women horribly, in fact they believed all women were possessed by demons. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'askanydifference_com-box-3','ezslot_4',148,'0','0'])); Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. This is the site where we share everything we've learned. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. Sparta led the Peloponnesian League which was an alliance of neighboring cities such as Elis, Tegea and Mantinea, and the League was also joined by Athens’ maritime rival – Corinth. User Info: Skyfire023. Sparta was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. Ask Any Difference >> Law >> Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. Sparta belonged to the Peloponnesian league and Athens belonged to the Delian League. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. JudoHedgehog 2 years ago #7. A+. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Monarchy 2. Leader of the Delian League. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. Freemen: Aristocrats-middle (farmers)-thetes-slaves. Second, look at Athens and Sparta now. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. Athens. The war, known as the Peloponnesian War, raged for 27 years between the Athenian realm and the Peloponnesian coalition commanded by the Spartans. 1. Athens is the cults puppet. Both Athens and Sparta ruled using some elements of democracy and a superficial observer may assert that Athens was the more democratic of the two. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. Controlling, traditional, and conservative. They could own no property apart from the family. Between the Greeks became the foremost trading power of it 's sparta or athens is not the difference. 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